I thought Lisa Gitelman’s Scripts, Grooves, and Writing Machines was very interesting. Gitelman introduces the idea that any type of writing is a kind of technology–technology is not just machines and computers. In the first chapter, “Making History, Spelling Things Out,” Gitelman explores Edison’s phonograph and focuses on how “Phonetic shorthand emphasized the oral character of language at the same time that it sought to perfect a technology for linguistic representation” (24). In other words, the development of shorthand was a technology used to represent the spoken word. While I thought of the phonograph as a type of technology, I had never thought about writing as such. Instead, I thought of it as a component of language; its visual representation. So far, Gitelman’s book has definitely made me start thinking about writing in a different light.